Natural resources, as the name suggests, refer to resources which exist naturally without the need for human action or intervention. This includes resources that are used for industrial and commercial use, scientific interest, cultural value, and aesthetic value. For instance, water, sunlight, air, minerals, land, etc are all natural resources.
Natural resources can be categorized in different ways. They are essentially components or materials one can find in the environment. Every artificial or man-made product is made using natural resources in some form or the other. Natural resources can exist separately like air and water or as living organisms. Alternately, they can exist in a form which is to be processed for obtaining the resource in question, like rare-earth elements, metal ores, and petroleum, etc.
By natural resource management is meant the management of such resources occurring freely in nature, like water, land, soil, animals, and plants, to see how it affects people’s quality of life now and in the future. So, sustainable development must be followed so that there is judicial usage of these resources, making sure there remains enough for our future generations. Natural resources offer the basic life support both as public-good services and consumptive goods. Ecological processes help to recycle nutrients, maintain soil productivity, cleanse the water and air, and regulate climatic cycles.
Natural resource management is about identifying who has rights to use such resources and who does not. Resources can be managed according to rules that govern how and when they should be used in keeping with local conditions. Alternately, resources can be managed by a central authority or governmental organization.
Natural resources, water, and energy, are either non-renewable or renewable. Renewable ones are those which will renew themselves over the years. These are living resources like forests and non-living ones like water, sunlight, wind, or energy. Non-renewable ones are those which cannot be tapped once the existing stock is over. Mineral resources such as oil, gas, coal for example, are non-renewable. Despite the fact that oil is a nonrenewable energy source, it is the world’s major transportation fuel. The demand for oil resources is always increasing, and the oil market is particularly popular due to the volatility created by supply and demand variations. See the öl profit 2021 guide for more information on the automated app that allows for successful oil trading on your own. Fossil fuels that are created from fossilized remains of organism are held as non-renewable although they can renew themselves after millions of years. Fossil fuels account for almost 90% of our energy consumption, providing 95% of world’s energy demands for electricity, heating, transportation, etc. Its consumption has magnified to such an extent now that its levels are strikingly low, and this can spell doom for us.
Humans end up wasting natural resources, energy, and water. Animals are overhunted and forest cleared out to make way for industrialization. Fertile soils get exhausted because of faulty farming practices. Air and water get polluted while fuel supplies deplete. When natural resources are not managed properly they will be used up indiscriminately. It is through conservation methods that we can make them last longer. Conservation helps to reduce wastage and ensures efficient management of natural resources.
As the world population keeps growing the demand for resources has also gone up. But continuation of life will depend only on the careful usage of resources. It is important to weigh the benefits of industrialization and development against the unimaginable harm being caused to animals that now have to look for new habitats to survive. Conservation and development can co-exist together in harmony. When we learn how to use our natural resources, energy resources, and water wisely, making sure there is enough for everybody and reserves for the future, it is sustainable development.